Use of cement-bonded boards (CBPB) in Kaliningrad
CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS
On the basis of the Russian law on energy conservation and the Federal Targeted Programme for Reducing Heat Energy Consumption, the existing building insulation issues become especially relevant. The proposed insulation option does not require any large capital investments or significant labour costs.
It is a multi-layered structure which includes a mineral wool insulation, a supporting frame and fixed cladding CBPB panels.
The essence of the method is to create a frame of wooden blocks 50×80 (50×50) mm, or a frame made of a galvanised or aluminum profile with a pitch of 600 mm. For cladding, CBPB thickness of 10,12,16 mm is used. Heat-insulating materials are laid between the wall and CBPB.
Gaps in the joints of cement-bonded particle boards are left within 6-8 mm. Joints should be sealed with gaskets or elastic mastics. Over the joints attached are cover fillers which can be made of existing materials, such as CBPB, wood, metals and plastic.
FRAME STRUCTURE CLADDING
Plates with a thickness of 10.12 and 16 mm are used as the external and internal wall cladding (on the frame-mesh), the cladding of columns or transoms of public, industrial and agricultural buildings.
Cladding is attached to the frame-mesh, mounted from wooden bars or metal profiles, with special anchor nails or screws into pre-drilled holes.
CBPB with a thickness of 12 and 16 mm are used in rooms with high humidity. This is due to the appropriate physical and mechanical properties of the material. CBPB in Kaliningrad can be used in partitions of sanitary units of buildings for various purposes.
For this, the plates should be primed on all sides and covered with paint compounds suitable for rooms with a wet operating mode. To avoid uneven water saturation, the edges of the plates are covered with water-repellent compositions based on silicone enamels, perclorvinyl resins.
INTERIOR FINISHES OF WALLS
TAMAK CBPB in Kaliningrad has some fire-retardant properties, and is an environmentally friendly and moisture-resistant material.
Therefore, CBPB is successfully used for interior and exterior decoration of residential and public buildings with dry and normal operation.
CBPB floors are arranged on floor joists (the minimum cross-section is 50×80 mm). To determine the distance between floor joists, it is recommended to use the table data.
The space between the base and plating depending on the safety and sound insulation requirements is filled with mineral wool plates or left free.
Cement-bonded particle boards with a thickness of 16, 24 and 36 mm can be used as the following floor elements, e.g. base for various flooring, an underlay, a levelling layer, a finishing floor with a face coating.
CBPB 24 and 36 mm can be used in the installation of pre-fabricated floors on a loose foundation in storage and utility rooms. This eliminates wet processes, which allows you to work at negative temperatures. In addition, the plates can be used instead of the cement screed.
The advantages of this solution are the reduced labour intensity of works; possibility to conduct repair work without stopping production.
DISMOUNTABLE AND PERMANENT FORMWORK
Plates of the thickness of 12,16 and 24 mm can be used for removable or non-removable formwork for building foundations.
The simplicity of the formwork design will reduce labour costs and achieve a significant cost reduction in the preparatory work performance.
CBPB window sills are ideal for any modern interior. By its characteristics, the CBPB sill is stronger and more durable than wood.
At the enterprise there is the production of window boards with the thickness of 24 and 36 mm, GOST 8242-88, which have the following advantages:
- stability of geometric dimensions;
- flat, stable surface;
- no joints or seams;
- low cost.
Before installation, the window sill should be pre-primed on all sides.
At the customer’s request, primed and painted window sills can be made at the factory.